Materials, Tools and Different Methods Used for Tie and Dye

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>TIE AND DYE</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Definition of Tie and Dye</li> <li>Location of Tie and Dye Centres in Nigeria</li> <li>Methods in Tie and Dye</li> <li>Materials and Tools for Tie and Dye</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Definition of Tie and Dye</strong></h2> Tie and dye is defined as the process of decorating or creating patterns on fabric materials through tying, stitching, clamping or any other method in order to resist the absorption of dye solution.  <h2><strong>Location of Tie and Dye Centres in Nigeria</strong></h2> <ol> <li>KANO - pit dyeing</li> <li>ABEOKUTA - batik process</li> <li>OSOGBO - indigo dyeing</li> </ol>  <strong>EVALUATION</strong> <ol> <li>Define tie and dye.</li> <li>Name 4 methods of tie-dye.</li> <li>List 3 locations of tie-dye in Nigeria.</li> </ol>

Team Work and the Sense of Belonging

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>TEAM WORK AND THE SENSE OF BELONGING</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Definitions of Team Work</li> <li>Keys to Successful Team Work</li> <li>Sense of Belonging</li> <li>Importance of Team Work</li> <li>How to Achieve a Sense of Belonging</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Definitions of Team Work</strong></h2> (i) Team work is a term used to describe a group of people that are working together to accomplish a specific goal or complete a project.(ii) Team work is “work done by several associates with each doing a part but all subordinating personal prominence to the efficiency of the whole”.(iii) Team work is the ability to work together towards a common vision.(iv) Team work is the ability to direct individual accomplishments toward organizational objectives.(v) Team work it is the fuel that allows common people to attain uncommon results.(vi) Team work is the process of working collaboratively with a good of people in order to achieve a goal. <h2><strong>Keys to Successful Team Work</strong></h2>

Modelling with Papier-mâché

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>MODELLING WITH PAPIER-MÂCHÉ </strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Meaning of Modelling</li> <li>Meaning of Papier-mâché/Clay</li> <li>Materials Made from Papier-mâché/Clay</li> </ol> <br> <h2><strong>Meaning of Modelling</strong></h2> Modeling is the art of molding objects with different materials like papier-mâché, clay, plasticine, cement, etc. <br> <h2><strong>Meaning of Papier-mâché</strong></h2> It is a process of making pulp from paper (old newspaper, cardboard sheets or tissue paper) used for modeling objects.Papier-mâché is re-pulped paper mixed with glue or paste used to mould objects. It is a French word which means mashed paper used to produce modeled objects. <br> <h2><strong>Meaning of Clay</strong></h2> Clay is an earthen material used for molding. <br> <h2><strong>Materials and Tools Needed for Papier-mâché</strong></h2>

Theory of Music: Fundamentals of Music

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>THEORY OF MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Fundamentals of Music and Sound</li> <li>Sources of Sound</li> <li>Musical Sounds</li> <li>Characteristics of Sound</li> <li>Musical Notation</li> <li>Types of Music Notation</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Fundamentals of Music and Sound</strong></h2> Music can be defined as a composition of organized sound pleasant to the ear.It is a performing art, a medium in which one’s mind can be meaningfully expressed by who appreciates it:The raw material of music is sound. Sound may be perceived as pleasant or unpleasant. Pleasant sound is musical sound while unpleasant sound is noise. Recorded music blared from a number of outlets (e.g. Business centers, shops etc) constitute noise. On the other hand, the sound from a performing orchestra could be very soothing and exhilarating.The real difference between musical sound and noise lies in the impression made on the listener. While musical sound is generally attractive and enjoyable, noise is distracting and could be irritating. Furthermore, musical sound is organized while noise is not. <h2><strong>Sources of Sound</strong></h2> There are two main sources of sounds:

Elements of Music; Notes on the Keyboard

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>ELEMENTS OF MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Elements of Music</li> <li>Notes on the Keyboard</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Elements of Music</strong></h2> The following are the elements of music.Pitch, melody, harmony, rhythm, texture, timbre, form or structure(i) <strong>Pitch:</strong> This refers to the height or depth of sound.(ii) <strong>Rhythm:</strong> This refers to the movement, life or time pattern of a piece of music.(iii) <strong>Melody:</strong> This means the main tune of a piece of music.(iv) <strong>Harmony:</strong> This means combination of musical notes to form chords. It is the clothing of melody.(v) <strong>Texture:</strong> The number of parts in a musical piece and their relation to one another.(vi) <strong>Timbre:</strong> This is the difference in sound production of one musical instrument and the other.(vii) <strong>Form or structure:</strong> This is the shape or order of music.<strong>EVALUATION</strong> <ol> <li>List three elements of music you have been taught.</li> <li>What is pitch?</li>

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