Introduction to Music

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Definition of Music</li> <li>Definition of Sound</li> <li>Sources of Sound</li> <li>Uses of Music/The Impact of Music on Human Life</li> <li>Musical Terms</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Definition of Music</strong></h2> Music is regarded as the combination of organized sounds. The most important thing in the definition of music is that it must be an organized sound. Sound is the main source of music. However for sound to be regarded as music it must be organized, regular and definite. Noise is the opposite of musical sound. It is produced by irregular and indefinite sound. Another name for noise is raw sound.   <h2><strong>Definition of Sound</strong></h2> Sound is a vibration of air which is heard when it is produced. It is also a sensation produced by objects through striking, plucking, bowing and blowing. Human beings can produce sound by singing, clapping and of course by playing musical instruments. <img class="size-full wp-image-20393 aligncenter" src="" alt="Introduction to music - Definition of music - Definition of sound" width="476" height="169" />   <h2><strong>Sources of Sound</strong></h2>

African Traditional Musical Instruments

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>AFRICAN TRADITIONAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Traditional Musical Instruments</li> <li>Making of Local Musical Instruments</li> </ol> <br> <h2><strong>Traditional Musical Instruments</strong></h2> African musical instruments are traditional instruments made by Africans and used by African for various purposes. There are many traditional musical instruments in our various communities. Below are some of them.

Elements of Music

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>ELEMENTS OF MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Meaning of Elements of Music</li> <li>The Elements of Music</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Meaning of Elements of Music</strong></h2> The term elements refer to those factors or component which makes up a music, without those factors, music has no meaning and effect.   <h2><strong>The Elements of Music</strong></h2> The elements of music include the following: (i) <strong>Pitch:</strong> This refers to height or depth of sound. This means the highest or lowness of sound. (ii) <strong>Rhythm:</strong> This refers to the movement of music. The movement of music depends on the time arrangement of notes, beats, accents, and so on. Thus, music can move in 2 (duple) 3 (triple) 4 (quadruple) time. Similarly, the movement of music can be fast, slow or moderate.

Playing the Recorder

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>PLAYING THE RECORDER</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Fingering the Recorder</li> <li>How to Play the Recorder</li> <li>Playing the Nigerian National Anthem on the Recorder</li> </ol> <br> <h2><strong>Fingering the Recorder</strong></h2> Conventionally we have <strong>eight major holes on the recorder</strong> - seven holes in the front and one at the back, as shown in the picture below. <img class="size-full wp-image-33992 aligncenter" src="" alt="Playing the recorder" width="314" height="238" /> <br>

Kinds and Classification of Music

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>KINDS AND CLASSIFICATION OF MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Kinds of Music</li> <li>Classification of Music</li> <li>Musical Terms</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Kinds of Music</strong></h2> We have several kinds of music and they include the following: (i)<strong> Folk Music:</strong> This is refers to the traditional music of a people, which is performed in the people`s community according to the culture of the people. Usually, folk music is not written, rather it is transmitted orally from generation to generation. (ii)<strong> Classical Music:</strong> This is refers to real standard music which develops as a result of education. It originated from Germany, France, England, Austria and other western countries. This class of music was composed by great masters like Bach, Handel, Schubert, Beethoven, Haydn etc. some examples of classical music are operas, symphonies, oratorios, sonatas, suites, chorales and so on.

History of Music: Composers of Baroque Period

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>HISTORY OF MUSIC: COMPOSERS OF THE BAROQUE PERIOD (1600 - 1750)</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Some Great Composers of the Baroque Period</li> <li>Biography of Johann Sebastian Bach</li> <li>The Works of Johann Sebastian Bach</li> </ol> <br> <h2><strong>Some Great Composers of the Baroque Period</strong></h2> Some great composers of this period were as follows: <em>S. Bach (1685 – 1750)</em> <em>G.F. Handel (1685 – 1759)</em> <em>Henry Purcell</em> <em>Antonio Vivaldi</em> <em>Jean Baptiste Lully</em> <em>Allessandro Scarlatti</em> <br> <h2><strong>Biography of Johann Sebastian Bach</strong></h2> <img class="size-full wp-image-33995 aligncenter" src="" alt="History of Music - Composers of the Baroque Period - Johann Sebastian Bach" width="303" height="222" />

Musical Alphabets and Introduction to Musical Staff

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>MUSICAL ALPHABETS AND MUSICAL STAFF</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Musical Alphabets</li> <li>Musical Staff</li> <li>Musical Terms</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Musical Alphabets</strong></h2> There are seven English alphabets used in music, they are, A, B, C, D, E, F, G. These seven alphabets are called musical alphabets; they are used to write music.

Recorder Music

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>RECORDER MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Description of the Recorder</li> <li>Holding the Recorder</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Description of the Recorder</strong></h2> The recorder is an ancient instrument. Its history dates back to the medieval period of music history. Actually the recorder belongs to the flute family, but then it is regarded as the member of the wood wind family and really operates on the same mechanism as other wood wind instruments. However, whereas the other instruments of woodwind family are used in the orchestra, the recorder does not appear in the orchestra. Nowadays, the recorder is very popular in schools as it used to be in England between the 16<sup>th</sup> and 17<sup>th</sup> century. Its popularity rises from the fact that it is quite cheap to buy the mass produced type and also portable, thus it is easy for students to carry about. <img class="size-full wp-image-20416 aligncenter" src="" alt="Music recorder " width="309" height="224" /> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Parts of the Recorder</strong></p>

Musical Notation

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>MUSICAL NOTATION</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Introduction</li> <li>Kinds of Music Notation</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Introduction </strong></h2> Music is produced from well-organized sounds; these musical sounds are written on paper with symbols or signs called NOTES. Whenever we attempt to write music in any style, we are engaged in music notation. Therefore, music notation simply refers to the system of reproducing musical sounds in writing. It is the art of writing music. <br> <h2><strong>Kinds of Music Notation</strong></h2> There are several methods of writing music, but at this level, we shall study only two types:

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