Clefs/Letter-Names of Lines and Spaces (Treble and Bass Staff)

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>CLEFS/LETTER NAMES OF LINES AND SPACES (TREBLE AND BASS STAFF)</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Definition of Clef</li> <li>Functions of Clef</li> <li>Kinds of Clef</li> <li>Treble Staff or Stave</li> <li>Bass or F Clef (pronounced 'base' )</li> <li>Bass Staff or Stave</li> <li>Musical Terms</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Definition of Clef</strong></h2> Clef is a French word, meaning Key.Clef is defined as a symbol placed at the commencement [beginning] of a stave [staff] which indicates the pitch of a musical note and also fixes the letter names of the lines and spaces.  <h2><strong>Functions of Clef</strong></h2> (i) To indicate the pitch of a musical note.(ii) To fix the letter names of the lines and spaces.  <h2><strong>Kinds of Clef </strong></h2> At this level, we shall consider the two major clefs which are also in common use.(i) Treble or G clef.(ii) Bass or F clef.The letter names lines and spaces are taken from the seven letters of the alphabets; A B C D E F G called musical alphabets. <br> <h2><strong>Treble or G Clef</strong></h2> This clef starts from the second line of the stave which is called G, and curls round it.<img class="alignnone size-full wp-image-20419" src="" alt="Treble or G Clef" width="85" height="76" />When G clef is placed on a stave or staff, the stave automatically becomes a<strong> Treble Stave</strong>. Treble stave consist of five parallel lines and four spaces as shown below.

Technical Names of a Major Scale

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>TECHNICAL NAMES OF A MAJOR SCALE </strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Technical Names of a Major Scale</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Technical Names of a Major Scale</strong></h2>

Recorder Music

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>RECORDER MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Description of the Recorder</li> <li>Holding the Recorder</li> </ol>  <h2><strong>Description of the Recorder</strong></h2> The recorder is an ancient instrument. Its history dates back to the medieval period of music history. Actually the recorder belongs to the flute family, but then it is regarded as the member of the wood wind family and really operates on the same mechanism as other wood wind instruments. However, whereas the other instruments of woodwind family are used in the orchestra, the recorder does not appear in the orchestra.Nowadays, the recorder is very popular in schools as it used to be in England between the 16<sup>th</sup> and 17<sup>th</sup> century. Its popularity rises from the fact that it is quite cheap to buy the mass produced type and also portable, thus it is easy for students to carry about.<img class="size-full wp-image-20416 aligncenter" src="" alt="Music recorder " width="309" height="224" /> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Parts of the Recorder</strong></p>

Major Scale of C Natural

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>CONSTRUCTION OF MAJOR SCALE (C NATURAL)</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Major Scales</li> <li>Keyboard Finger Chart</li> <li>Fingering for Scales</li> <li>Right Hand Fingering Suggestion</li> <li>Left Hand Fingering Suggestion</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Major Scales</strong></h2> In music theory, the <strong>major scale</strong> or <strong>Ionian</strong><strong> scale</strong> is one of the diatonic scales. It is made up of seven distinct notes, and an eighth note which duplicates the first note an octave higher. The simplest major scale to play on the piano or write is C major, the only major scale not to require sharps or flats, using only the white keys on the piano keyboard:<img class="size-full wp-image-37684 aligncenter" src="" alt="Major Scale of C Natural - Construction of major scales C natural" width="576" height="222" /> <br> <h2><strong>Keyboard Finger Chart</strong></h2>

Musical Alphabets and Introduction to Musical Staff

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>MUSICAL ALPHABETS AND MUSICAL STAFF</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Musical Alphabets</li> <li>Musical Staff</li> <li>Musical Terms</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Musical Alphabets</strong></h2> There are seven English alphabets used in music, they are, A, B, C, D, E, F, G.These seven alphabets are called musical alphabets; they are used to write music.

Major Scale

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>MAJOR SCALE</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Tetrachord</li> <li>Tones and Semitones</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Tetrachord</strong></h2> Tetrachord is an equal division of a major scale. The diatonic major scale with its eight notes can be divided into two equal parts, each containing four notes, e.g. C D E F G A B C. When divided into two halves, C D E F into one group and G A B C into another group. Each group of four notes is called TETRACHORDS. The first half is known as lower tetrachord [L T], while the second half the upper tetrachord [UT]. Thus in the above example C to F becomes the lower tetrachord [C D E F] and G to C [G A B C] is the upper tetrachord.Major scales contain five tones and two semitones, it therefore means that each tetrachord has two tones and one semitone. For example, C to D is a tone while D to E is a semitone.[L T]. S similarly G to A is a tone, and B to C is a semitone.

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