COMMON ACID –BASE INDICATORS AND THEIR pH RANGE
Acid-base indicator is a weak organic acid or weak organic base (organic dyes) which shows colour change depending on the pH of the solution or organic dye which show one colour in acidic medium and another colour in basic medium. It can defined as an organic dye which as colour in ionized state and another colour in unionized state. Examples of indicators are methyl orange, phenolphthalein, methyl red etc.
CHOICE OF INDICATOR FOR ACID-BASE TITRATION
The choice of an indicator for acid-base titration depends on the pH of the mixture at equivalent point and the pK of the indicator. When a strong acid is titrated against a strong base, at the equivalent point, the salt formed does not under hydrolysis and so any suitable indicator can be used. The salt formed when strong acid is titrated against a weak base undergoes hydrolysis to produce excess hydrogen ions. This makes the solution acidic and any indicator that shows colour change in acidic medium is used in the case. Methyl orange changes colour within a pH of 2.9—4.6 and so suitable for this titration.
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