- Meaning of Animal Improvement
- Aims of Animal Improvement
- Methods/Processes of Animal Improvement
- Artificial Insemination
Meaning of Animal ImprovementAnimal improvement is the process whereby inherited superior traits are transferred from one animal to the other of the same species. Certain characteristics such as good feeding conversion, growth rate, meat quality, high milk yield, good body form, etc. are major considerations in animal improvement.
Aims of Animal ImprovementThe following are the aims of animal improvement:
- To produce animals with high yielding quality
- To produce animals with high feed conversion rate
- To produce animals with high growth rate and early maturity
- To produce animals that can adapt to varied climatic conditions
- To produce animals that are resistant to disease and parasites
- To produce different breeds of animals
- To produce animals that meets a particular purpose
Methods/Processes of Animal ImprovementThe following are the methods/processes of animal improvement: (a) Introduction (b) Selection (c) Breeding
(a) IntroductionThis is bringing animals which are not native of a place but are known to have certain desirable characters into a new place from the place of origin. Such animals are called exotic. Introduction can be by physical importation either of the animals themselves or their semen.
Advantages of Introduction
- It enhances greater productivity.
- It leads to absence of pests and diseases.
- Breeds may perform better and able to adapt to local conditions.
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