CENTRALIZATION OF POWER
- The Meaning of Centralization of Power
- Merits of Centralization of Power
- Demerits of Centralization of Power
The Meaning of Centralization of Power
Centralization is that type of government in which power is concentrated in a single authority. In such a system, only one authority is recognized in the whole country. Thus, power is usually vested with the central authority. The degree of centralization is highest in a unitary state. Examples of unitary states are Britain, France, Ghana, etc.
Merits of Centralization of Power
The following are the merits of centralization of power:
- Reduced cost of operation: The cost for running a centralized system is quite lower than that of a decentralized administration. This is because it is void of duplication of roles.
- Reduced conflict: Since where there is multiplicity of power, there is bound to be conflict, the reverse is the case in a centralized system.
- Even development: Due to the fact that there is uniformity of administration, there is room for increased even development.
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