You must complete Reproductive Systems and Reproduction in Humans to unlock this Lesson.


  1. Structure of fruits
  2. Types of fruits
  3. Dispersal of fruits
  4. Agents of dispersal



Fruit is the structure that developed from the matured ovary after fertilization which contains the seed. Some fruits do not develop from fertilized ovary and are called parthenocarpic fruit.

Fruit contains the pericarp (epicarp, mesocarp and endocarp).

Structure of a Fruit

Types of Fruit



Fruits can be classified based on their origin or structure. These include:

  1. True and false fruit
  2. Simple, aggregate and composite (multiple) fruit
  3. Fleshy and dry fruit
  4. Dehiscent and indehiscent fruits

Simple fruits: Formed from one flower having either a monocarpous or syncarpous pistil.

Aggregate fruits: Formed from one flower having an apocarpous pistil

Multiple fruits: These are fruits formed from many flowers whose ovaries unite together with other parts of the flower after fertilization or one that develops from several flowers inflorescence e.g.

Lesson tags: Biology Lesson Notes, Biology Objective Questions, SS3 Biology, SS3 Biology Evaluation Questions, SS3 Biology Evaluation Questions Second Term, SS3 Biology Objective Questions, SS3 Biology Objective Questions Second Term, SS3 Biology Second Term
Back to: BIOLOGY – SS3 > Second Term
© [2022] Spidaworks Digital - All rights reserved.
error: Alert: Content is protected !!