- Structure of fruits
- Types of fruits
- Dispersal of fruits
- Agents of dispersal
MEANING OF FRUIT
Fruit is the structure that developed from the matured ovary after fertilization which contains the seed. Some fruits do not develop from fertilized ovary and are called parthenocarpic fruit.
Fruit contains the pericarp (epicarp, mesocarp and endocarp).
Structure of a Fruit
Types of Fruit
TYPES OF FRUITS
Fruits can be classified based on their origin or structure. These include:
- True and false fruit
- Simple, aggregate and composite (multiple) fruit
- Fleshy and dry fruit
- Dehiscent and indehiscent fruits
Simple fruits: Formed from one flower having either a monocarpous or syncarpous pistil.
Aggregate fruits: Formed from one flower having an apocarpous pistil
Multiple fruits: These are fruits formed from many flowers whose ovaries unite together with other parts of the flower after fertilization or one that develops from several flowers inflorescence e.g.
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