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  1. Underground Features
  2. Importance of Karst Topograph


Underground Features

Caves and Caverns

These are underground features of limestone region. There are large underground spaces formed as a result of the sinking and flowing of water into the limestone through joins and bedding planes.

Karst Topography - Underground Features - Caves and Caverns

Diagram Showing Limestone and Underground Features of Karst Regions

Limestone Gorge

This has vertical sides formed when the roof of an underground cave collapses or river cuts across and run down into a limestone region.

Resurgence or Springs

These results from water sinking into the underground. When the water meets hard rock underground it re-emerge below the limestone to form spring or resurgence.


Natural pillar is formed by the joining of the stalactite hanging from the roof to the stalagmite growing from the floor of the cave.


They are found in caves and they grow up, downwards and may dis-stalagmite to form to form pillars. There are sharp slender and downward growing pinnacles that hang from the roof of the caves.

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