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  1. The Igbo Precolonial Government
  2. Structures and Roles of the Components of Igbo Precolonial Government
  3. Structures and Roles of the Components of Igbo Precolonial Government
  4. Features of the Igbo Precolonial Government


The Igbo Precolonial Government

The Igbos, unlike the Yorubas and the Fulanis, had a complex and complicated system of administration in pre-colonial era. There was no sort of central authority. What they had was a diffusion of political authority into different groups. These groups that shared political authority included the village elders, the age grades, the Ozo title holders, Ofo title holders, diviners etc. This is the main reason why the Igbo political organization in the pre-colonial era was described as acephalous.

The Igbo pre-colonial administration was therefore based on the principle of village democracy which thrives on the patrilineal family group known as Umunna. Therefore, the village made up of kindred is the basic unit of political organization. There are two main groups of institutions that made up the village government, these are the council of elders (Ama-ala) made up of  heads of families who held staff of authority called Ofo and the village  assembly made up of all grown up male members of the village (Ohana-eze).

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