- The Meaning of Representative Government
- The Means of Establishing Representative Government
- The Merits of Representative Government
- The Demerits of Representative Government
The Meaning of Representative Government
A representative system of government is that type of government that gives everybody in the country the chance to express their opinion by voting for those who will take charge of the affairs of the state. In other words, it allows everyone in the system to express their opinion through an electoral process that allows them to vote for those who will represent them. Thus, it is a system of government of representatives of the people. This system of government is also known as indirect democracy. It is based on the premise of accountability and responsibility of the leadership.
The complexities of modern society especially in terms of population has strained the practice of direct democracy, as operated in ancient Greek states (such as Athens), which entails the gathering of everybody in a public square in order to deliberate on the affairs of the state.
The Means of Establishing Representative Government
The following conditions are essential for the existence of a representative government:
- All sections of the community must be truly represented: It is essential that all the constituencies have approximate equal population.
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