Dotted Notes and their Values

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>DOTTED NOTES AND THEIR VALUES</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Definition of Dotted Notes</li> <li>Effects of Dots on a Note</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Definition of Dotted Notes</strong></h2> Dotted notes refer to notes which have dots placed after them. In other words, they are notes with dots, e.g.

Recorder Music

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>RECORDER MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Description of the Recorder</li> <li>Holding the Recorder</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Description of the Recorder</strong></h2> The recorder is an ancient instrument. Its history dates back to the medieval period of music history. Actually the recorder belongs to the flute family, but then it is regarded as the member of the wood wind family and really operates on the same mechanism as other wood wind instruments. However, whereas the other instruments of woodwind family are used in the orchestra, the recorder does not appear in the orchestra. Nowadays, the recorder is very popular in schools as it used to be in England between the 16<sup>th</sup> and 17<sup>th</sup> century. Its popularity rises from the fact that it is quite cheap to buy the mass produced type and also portable, thus it is easy for students to carry about. <img class="size-full wp-image-20416 aligncenter" src="https://classhall.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/music-recorder.jpg" alt="Music recorder " width="309" height="224" /> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Parts of the Recorder</strong></p>

Methods of Extending Note Values

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>METHODS OF EXTENDING NOTE VALUES</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Methods of Extending Note Values</li> <li>The Effects of Tie</li> <li>The Effect of Pause</li> <li>The Effect of Dot</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Methods of Extending Note Values</strong></h2> Apart from dots, there are other methods of extending note values. These include Tie and Pause or Fermata. In other words, there are three major methods of extending note values, namely dots, tie and pause (fermata). <br> <h2><strong>The Effects of a Tie</strong></h2>

Clefs/Letter-Names of Lines and Spaces (Treble and Bass Staff)

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>CLEFS/LETTER NAMES OF LINES AND SPACES (TREBLE AND BASS STAFF)</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Definition of Clef</li> <li>Functions of Clef</li> <li>Kinds of Clef</li> <li>Treble Staff or Stave</li> <li>Bass or F Clef (pronounced 'base' )</li> <li>Bass Staff or Stave</li> <li>Musical Terms</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Definition of Clef</strong></h2> Clef is a French word, meaning Key. Clef is defined as a symbol placed at the commencement [beginning] of a stave [staff] which indicates the pitch of a musical note and also fixes the letter names of the lines and spaces.   <h2><strong>Functions of Clef</strong></h2> (i) To indicate the pitch of a musical note. (ii) To fix the letter names of the lines and spaces.   <h2><strong>Kinds of Clef </strong></h2> At this level, we shall consider the two major clefs which are also in common use. (i) Treble or G clef. (ii) Bass or F clef. The letter names lines and spaces are taken from the seven letters of the alphabets; A B C D E F G called musical alphabets. <br> <h2><strong>Treble or G Clef</strong></h2> This clef starts from the second line of the stave which is called G, and curls round it. <img class="alignnone size-full wp-image-20419" src="https://classhall.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/treble-or-g-clef.jpg" alt="Treble or G Clef" width="85" height="76" /> When G clef is placed on a stave or staff, the stave automatically becomes a<strong> Treble Stave</strong>. Treble stave consist of five parallel lines and four spaces as shown below.

Scales

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>SCALES</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Definition of Scale</li> <li>Types of Scale</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Definition of Scale</strong></h2> The word <em>scale</em> comes from the Latin word “scala”. It means ladder. The first seven letters of the English alphabet A-G are used to express the different sounds in use. Scales refer to a series of notes that go in an ascending and descending manner. The <strong>Major scale</strong> is the foundation from which all other scales are formed. C major scale begins with a C and ends with a C. The same rule applies with the rest of the keys where a D Major Scale begins and ends with a D, F Major Scale begins with an F and ends with an F and so on. The notes on a major scale is numbered from 1 to 8, this signifies the intervals. <br> <h2><strong>Types of Scale</strong></h2> The types of scales are;

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