JSS2 ENGLISH STUDIES THIRD TERM WEEK FIVE
- Speech Work: Types of Vowels (Monophthongs, Diphthongs, Triphthongs)
- Comprehension: Do you have a goal?
- Structure: Tenses (Present, Past, Future)
- Composition: Narrative Essay (A Village Market)
- Literature: Figures of Speech – Irony, Paradox and Oxymoron
ASPECT: Speech Work
TOPIC: Monophthongs, Diphthongs, Triphthongs
Introduction to Monophthongs, Diphthongs and Triphthongs
All languages have monophthongs and many languages have diphthongs, but triphthongs are relatively rare. English has all three types: the vowel sound in “hit” is a monophthong /ɪ/, the vowel sound in “boy” is a diphthong /ɔɪ/, and the vowel sounds of “flower”, /aʊə(r)/, is a triphthong.
A monophthong is a vowel sound whose quality doesn’t change over the duration of the vowel. Monophthongs are sometimes called “pure” or “stable” vowels. e.g. /e/, /u:/, /I/,/ə/, /æ/, /ↄ:/
A diphthong is a vowel sound that glides from one quality to another. It is also referred to as a two-quality sound. There are eight of them in British English /ei/, /ai/, /ↄi/, /eə/, /ʊә/, /aʊ /, /iә/, /әʊ/
A triphthong is a vowel sound that glides successively through three qualities.
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