Historical Periods of Music

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>HISTORICAL PERIODS OF MUSIC</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Musical Periods and Some Major Composers</li> <li>Life and Works of G. F. Handel</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Musical Periods and Some Major Composers</strong></h2> The historical development of western music is divided into stages, popularly referred to as “musical periods”. Apart from the early musical periods from B.C. to 1400 A.D., there are such periods as: (i) Renaissance period (1400 – 1600AD) (ii) Baroque period (1600 – 1750AD) (iii) Classical period (1750 – 1820 AD) (iv) Romantic period (1820 – 1900AD) (v) Modern period (1900 to date)   <h2><strong>Life and Works of G. F. Handel</strong></h2> <img class="size-full wp-image-20431 aligncenter" src="https://classhall.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/historical-periods-of-music-life-and-work-of-GF-Handel.jpg" alt="Historical periods of music life and work of GF Handel" width="274" height="303" />

Scales

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>SCALES</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Definition of Scale</li> <li>Types of Scale</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Definition of Scale</strong></h2> The word <em>scale</em> comes from the Latin word “scala”. It means ladder. The first seven letters of the English alphabet A-G are used to express the different sounds in use. Scales refer to a series of notes that go in an ascending and descending manner. The <strong>Major scale</strong> is the foundation from which all other scales are formed. C major scale begins with a C and ends with a C. The same rule applies with the rest of the keys where a D Major Scale begins and ends with a D, F Major Scale begins with an F and ends with an F and so on. The notes on a major scale is numbered from 1 to 8, this signifies the intervals. <br> <h2><strong>Types of Scale</strong></h2> The types of scales are;

Singing

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>SINGING</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Meaning of Singing</li> <li>Types of Singing Voice</li> <li>Singing Nigeria's National Anthem</li> <li>The Tonic Solfa of the Anthem of Federal Republic of Nigeria\</li> <li>Practical</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Meaning of Singing</strong></h2> Singing is the use of voice to produce songs.   <h2><strong>Types of Singing Voice</strong></h2> There are four main classifications of the singing voice, namely: Soprano, Alto, tenor and Bass; (i)<strong> Soprano</strong>: The soprano is usually sung by women, though young castrated boys in the olden days also sing soprano. (ii)<strong> Alto</strong>: This Alto voice is common among the women. The only difference between soprano and alto voices is that the range is lower than the soprano. (iii) <strong>Tenor:</strong> This is the highest voice in the male category and it can be light, heavy, robust, etc; depending on the quality of the voice of the singer. (iv)<strong> Bass: </strong>It is the deepest range, usually for men.

Major Scale

Complexity: Standard

<h1><strong>MAJOR SCALE</strong></h1> CONTENT <ol> <li>Tetrachord</li> <li>Tones and Semitones</li> </ol>   <h2><strong>Tetrachord</strong></h2> Tetrachord is an equal division of a major scale. The diatonic major scale with its eight notes can be divided into two equal parts, each containing four notes, e.g. C D E F G A B C. When divided into two halves, C D E F into one group and G A B C into another group. Each group of four notes is called TETRACHORDS. The first half is known as lower tetrachord [L T], while the second half the upper tetrachord [UT]. Thus in the above example C to F becomes the lower tetrachord [C D E F] and G to C [G A B C] is the upper tetrachord. Major scales contain five tones and two semitones, it therefore means that each tetrachord has two tones and one semitone. For example, C to D is a tone while D to E is a semitone.[L T]. S similarly G to A is a tone, and B to C is a semitone.

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