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  1. Meaning of Climate
  2. Elements of Climate (i) Atmosphere pressure (ii) Temperature (iii) Humidity (iv) Precipitation (v) (Rainfall, snowfall, hail, fog, mist, sleet, etc.) (vi) Winds (vii) Sunshine
  3. Climate Regions of the World
  4. Importance of Climate on Physical and Cultural Activities
  5. Factors Affecting Climate


Meaning of Climate

Climate is the average weather condition of a place taken for a long period of time. The record of weather must have been taken for at least 35 years before the climate of the place can be established (known).


Elements of Climate

The elements of weather and climate are the same. This is because it is as the elements of weather of a place are measured for a long period of time that we know the climate. These elements include:

  1. Atmosphere pressure
  2. Temperature
  3. Humidity
  4. Precipitation (Rainfall, snowfall, hail, fog, mist, sleet, etc.)
  5. Winds
  6. Sunshine

Atmospheric Pressure

This is the force exerted on the earth’s surface and other objects by air, because of its weight.

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