1. Definition of Mountains
  2. Types of Mountains
  3. Mode of Formation of Mountains
  4. Characteristics of the Types of Mountains
  5. Examples of Each Type of Mountain
  6. Importance of Mountains
  7. Disadvantages of Mountains


Definition of Mountains

Mountains can be defined as the great elevated land surfaces resulting from intense action of internal forces.


Types of Mountains

There are four types of mountains namely:

(i) Fold mountains

(ii) Block mountains

(iii) Volcanic mountains and

(iv) Residual mountains


  1. What is a mountain?
  2. State four (4) types of mountains.


Fold Mountains

Mode of Formation

Fold Mountains are formed by large scale horizontal earth movement as a result of stress and compressional forces which cause the expansion or contraction of some parts of the earth. The compressional forces produce wrinkling or folding of the crust of the earth. The up folds of the wrinkles are anticlines while the down folds are called syncline.

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