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  1. The Meaning of Fascism
  2. Characteristics of Fascism


  1. Meaning of Totalitarianism
  2. Characteristics of Totalitarianism



The Meaning of Fascism

Fascism can be defined as a political ideology and a system of government headed by a privileged elite dictator who exercises total control and promotes nationalism where socialism is discouraged. Fascism was a type of dictatorial government established in Italy under Benito Mussolini between 1922 and 1933. It was a form of authoritarianism. Under fascism, people’s lives are completely controlled by the state.

Characteristics of Fascism

The following are the characteristics of fascism:

  1. All powers in the state are vested in the leader who exercises total control over the entire people.
  2. All aspect of life of the citizens such as education, religion, size of a family, etc.are controlled by the government.
  3. Workers are not allowed to go on strike and there is no freedom of the press.
  4. Fascism believes in war as a viable means of settling dispute between nations and for the attainment of international peace.

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