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  1. The Meaning of Sovereignty
  2. The Types of Sovereignty
  3. The Location of Sovereignty in a State
  4. The Limitations of Sovereignty


The Meaning of Sovereignty

Sovereignty as a concept is derived from the Latin word superamus meaning supreme, and when applied to the state, it refers to the supreme power of a state to govern its people and manage it resources without external interference.

In democratic regimes, both the state and the electorate possess sovereignty. Therefore sovereignty can also be regarded as the exercise of final legal coercive power in a state.

It is important to note that sovereignty connotes two things – the state of political independence; and the supreme power in a state.

The Types of Sovereignty

There are at least eight (8) types of sovereignty. They are:

  1. Internal sovereignty, which is the power of the state to make and enforce laws within its jurisdiction.
  2. External sovereignty, which is the power of the state to exist and conduct its affairs without external interference.

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