1. Meaning of Geography
  2. Scope and Nature of Geography
  3. Branches of Geography


Meaning of Geography

The word geography is derived from two Greek words “geo” meaning the earth and “graph” meaning to describe. The words grouped together formed the definition of Geography. Geography therefore, can simply be defined as the “description of the earth”.

However, Geography is more than mere description of the earth. Hence, it is both defined as the study of people, their activities, places and physical features within the earth.


Scope and Nature of Geography

Geography is a social science subject which deals with the study of man, his activities within the environment and the physical things within the earth.

In order words, Geography studies different people in different places and their activities like farming, trading, fishing, manufacturing and construction. It also involves the study of places like Nigeria, Ghana, USA, Lagos etc. Geography also deals with study of natural phenomena on the earth like climate, oceans, rocks, mountains, vegetation etc.

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